Curling Sport

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Curling ist eine auf dem Eis gespielte Wintersportart, die dem Eisstockschießen ähnelt und Parallelen zu den Kugelsportarten Boule-Spiel und Boccia aufweist. Curling [ˈkʰɜːlɪŋ] ist eine auf dem Eis gespielte Wintersportart, die dem Eisstockschießen ähnelt und Parallelen zu den Kugelsportarten Boule-Spiel und​. Curling ist ein Gentlemans-Sport; Um den "Anwurf" wird ein Los gezogen, danach wechselt man sich ab. Mannschaften. Curling Regeln & alle Infos zur Sportart. Fairness und Respekt werden im Curlingsport traditionell gross geschrieben. welcher für alle Curlerinnen und Curler weltweit den Leitfaden für ihren Sport. Curling hat eine lange Tradition und erfreut sich neben dem professionellen Sportbetrieb selbstverständlich auch im Bereich des Breitensports in vielen Ländern.

Curling Sport

Curling ist olympische Wintersportart und wird wegen seiner taktischen Spielzüge Curler in über 50 Ländern betreiben heute diesen faszinierenden Sport, der. Curling ist ein Gentlemans-Sport; Um den "Anwurf" wird ein Los gezogen, danach wechselt man sich ab. Mannschaften. Curling Regeln & alle Infos zur Sportart. Curling ist eine auf dem Eis gespielte Wintersportart, die dem Eisstockschießen ähnelt und Parallelen zu den Kugelsportarten Boule-Spiel und Boccia aufweist. Curling bei den Olympischen Spielen: Wie glatt ist das Eis? Wie schwer ist ein Stein? Und was bringt eigentlich die Wischerei mit dem Besen? Hier zählen nicht nur Taktik, Technik und Kondition, nein auch Spielfreude, Teamgeist und Kameradschaft stehen ganz oben. Curling ist Hobby und Freizeitsport. Curling ist olympische Wintersportart und wird wegen seiner taktischen Spielzüge Curler in über 50 Ländern betreiben heute diesen faszinierenden Sport, der. Füssen: Deutscher Curling-Verband e. V. Deutscher Mentales Training: Grundlagen und Anwendung in Sport, Rehabilitation, Arbeit und Wirtschaft. Hamburg. Spiel oder Sport? Curling hat von beidem etwas. Das Spiel mit Taktik, Strategie und manchmal etwas Glück, der Sport mit Training, dem Bewegungsablauf in.

Curling Sport Video

Curling Sport Video

Darüber hinaus ist es Brauch, dass die Siegermannschaft nach dem Spiel den Unterlegenen einen Drink spendiert. Jeweils eine der beiden jährlich ausgetragenen Weltmeisterschaften findet in Kanada statt. Diese besitzen Stoff- oder Kunststoffkissen anstelle von Haaren und haben eine höhere Wischeffizienz. Zählbare Steine Punkte erhält nur eines der beiden Park Berlin Mellow, nämlich jenes, Tipp 2 Bundesliga einen oder mehrere Steine am nächsten beim Zentrum liegen hat. Vor dem Curling Sport. Der Curlingstein Ein Curlingstein wiegt source. Liegen am Ende eines " end Gamer Blog keine Steine innerhalb des " house " und berühren das " house " auch nicht, erhält in diesem " end " keine Mannschaft einen Punkt dies nennt man " blank end ". Torrance in die Geheimnisse des Curlingsports einweihen lassen.

Pay-for-play remains controversial and the Gaelic Players Association continues to grow in strength.

The inauguration of the Christy Ring Cup and Nicky Rackard Cup gave new championships and an opportunity to play in Croke Park to the weaker county teams.

Further dissemination of the championship structure was completed in with the addition of the Lory Meagher Cup to make it a four tier championship.

Hurling was an unofficial sport at the Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri , in the United States.

In the final, Fenian F. This was the only time hurling was in the Olympics. Although many hurling clubs exist worldwide, only Ireland has a national team although it includes only players from weaker counties in order to ensure matches are competitive.

It and the Scotland shinty team have played for many years with modified match rules as with International Rules Football.

The match is the only such international competition. However, competition at club level has been going on around the world since the late nineteenth century thanks to emigration from Ireland, and the strength of the game has ebbed and flowed along with emigration trends.

Irish immigrants began arriving in Argentina in the nineteenth century. The earliest reference to hurling in Argentina dates from the late s in Mercedes, Buenos Aires.

However, the game was not actively promoted until , when it came to the attention of author and newspaperman William Bulfin.

Under Bulfin's patronage, the Argentine Hurling Club was formed on 15 July , leading to teams being established in different neighborhoods of Buenos Aires and the surrounding farming communities.

After the outbreak of World War I , it became almost impossible to obtain hurleys from Ireland. An attempt was made to use native Argentine mountain ash, but it proved too heavy and lacking in pliability.

Although the game was revived after the end of the war, the golden age of Argentine hurling had passed. World War II finally brought the era to its close.

In the aftermath of the Second World War, immigration from Ireland slowed to a trickle. In addition, native born Irish-Argentines assimilated into the local community.

The last time that hurling was played in Argentina was in , when the Aer Lingus Hurling Club conducted a three-week tour of the country and played matches at several locations.

This team will be present in September in the city of Galway. The team consists of 21 players from Hockey and Rugby teams. Many have contributed to the return of hurling as an activity in the Club.

Several Irish have participated in many opportunities to work with the skills and education: Jonathan Lynch, Kevin O'Connors and Michael Connery, who currently works with the team's training to participate in the Aer Lingus International Hurling Festival.

The earliest reference to hurling in Australia is related in the book "Sketches of Garryowen. Reportedly, the hurling match attracted a crowd of five hundred Irish immigrants, while the Orange march shivered out of existence.

In , a game between two Sydney based teams took place before a crowd of over ten thousand spectators. Reportedly, the contest was greatly enjoyed despite the fact that one newspaper dubbed the game "Two Degrees Safer Than War.

Hurling was brought to Great Britain in the 19th century. The game is administered by British GAA. Warwickshire and Lancashire compete at inter-county level in the Lory Meagher Cup , competing against other counties in Ireland.

Wales has its own club, St. Colmilles in Cardiff. Soldiers who served in the Irish Brigade during the Anglo-Boer War are believed to have played the game on the veldt.

Immigrants from County Wicklow who had arrived to work in the explosives factory in Umbogintwini , KwaZulu-Natal formed a team c.

A major burst of immigration in the s led to the foundation of the Transvaal Hurling Association in Johannesburg in Games were traditionally played in a pitch on the site of the modern day Johannesburg Central Railway Station every Easter Sunday after Mass.

In , a South African hurling team sailed to Ireland to compete in the Tailteann Games , where they carried a banner donated by a convent of Irish nuns in Cape Town.

South African hurling continued to prosper until the outbreak of the Second World War , which caused immigration from Ireland to cease and made it impossible to import equipment.

Games of hurling and Gaelic football were occasionally sponsored by the Christian Brothers schools in Boksburg and Pretoria well into the s.

Both games have all but ceased to be played. References to hurling on the North American continent date from the s in modern-day Canada concerning immigrants from County Waterford and County Kilkenny , [26] and also, in New York City.

After the end of the American Revolution , references to hurling cease in American newspapers until the aftermath of the Great Famine when Irish people moved to America in huge numbers, bringing the game with them.

In , there was an American tour by fifty Gaelic athletes from Ireland, known as the 'American Invasion'. Later, clubs were formed in Boston, Cleveland , and many other centers of Irish America.

In , twenty-two hurlers, composed of an equal number from Chicago and New York, conducted a tour of Ireland, where they played against the County teams from Kilkenny , Tipperary , Limerick , Dublin and Wexford.

Traditionally, hurling was a game played by Irish immigrants and discarded by their children. Many American hurling teams took to raising money to import players directly from Ireland.

In recent years, this has changed considerably with the advent of the Internet and increased travel.

The St. Louis Gaelic Athletic Club was established in and has expanded its organization to an eight team hurling league in the spring and six team Gaelic football league in the fall.

They also have a member camogie league. The Indianapolis Hurling Club began in , then reformed in The Indiana University Hurling Club won all matches of the tournament, and won by four points in the championship final to be crowned the first ever U.

National Collegiate Champions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Outdoor team game. For the Cornish sport, see Cornish hurling.

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May El curling es un deporte que se practica sobre una estrecha pista de hielo. Una piedra de curling pesa 20 kg y tiene 90 cm de circunferencia.

El hielo se derrite cuando se calienta por el roce de la escoba que barre la superficie ayudando a la piedra a deslizarse.

Si esto sucediera, la piedra debe retirarse del juego antes de que llegue a la casa. Crea un perfil.

Anterior Crea. Las reglas del curling. El nombre del deporte se deriva por el ruido que genera la piedra de granito al desplazarse por la placa de hielo.

Un partido consta normalmente de 10 "ends", aunque se juegan ends extras en caso de empate. The thrower starts from the hack.

The thrower's gripper shoe with the non-slippery sole is positioned against one of the hacks; for a right-handed curler the right foot is placed against the left hack and vice versa for a left-hander.

The thrower, now in the hack , lines the body up with shoulders square to the skip's broom at the far end for line. The stone is placed in front of the foot now in the hack.

Rising slightly from the hack, the thrower pulls the stone back some older curlers may actually raise the stone in this backward movement then lunges smoothly out from the hack pushing the stone ahead while the slider foot is moved in front of the gripper foot, which trails behind.

The thrust from this lunge determines the weight and hence the distance the stone will travel.

Balance may be assisted by a broom held in the free hand with the back of the broom down so that it slides. One older writer suggests the player keep "a basilisk glance" at the mark.

There are two common types of delivery currently, the typical flat-foot delivery and the Manitoba tuck delivery where the curler slides on the front ball of his foot.

When the player releases the stone a rotation called the turn is imparted by a slight clockwise or counter-clockwise twist of the handle from around the two or ten o'clock position to the twelve o'clock on release.

The stone must be released before its front edge crosses the near hog line, and it must clear the far hog line or else be removed from play hogged ; an exception is made if a stone fails to come to rest beyond the far hog line after rebounding from a stone in play just past the hog line.

In major tournaments the "eye on the hog" sensor is commonly used to enforce this rule. The sensor is in the handle of the stone and will indicate whether the stone was released before the near hog line.

The lights on the stone handle will either light up green, indicating that the stone has been legally thrown, or red, in which case the illegally thrown stone will be immediately pulled from play instead of waiting for the stone to come to rest.

After the stone is delivered, its trajectory is influenced by the two sweepers under instruction from the skip.

Sweeping is done for several reasons: to make the stone travel farther, to decrease the amount of curl, and to clean debris from the stone's path.

The stones curl more as they slow down, so sweeping early in travel tends to increase distance as well as straighten the path, and sweeping after sideways motion is established can increase the sideways distance.

One of the basic technical aspects of curling is knowing when to sweep. When the ice in front of the stone is swept a stone will usually travel both farther and straighter and in some situations one of those is not desirable.

For example, a stone may be traveling too fast said to have too much weight but require sweeping to prevent curling into another stone.

The team must decide which is better: getting by the other stone but traveling too far or hitting the stone. Much of the yelling that goes on during a curling game are the skip and sweepers exchanging information about the stone's line and weight and deciding whether to sweep.

The skip evaluates the path of the stone and calls to the sweepers to sweep as necessary to maintain the intended track. The sweepers themselves are responsible for judging the weight of the stone, ensuring the length of travel is correct and communicating the weight of the stone back to the skip.

Many teams use a number system to communicate in which of 10 zones the sweepers estimate the stone will stop.

Some sweepers use stopwatches to time the stone from the back line or tee line to the nearest hog line to aid in estimating how far the stone will travel.

Usually, the two sweepers will be on opposite sides of the stone's path, although depending on which side the sweepers' strengths lie this may not always be the case.

Speed and pressure are vital to sweeping. In gripping the broom, one hand should be one third of the way from the top non-brush end of the handle while the other hand should be one third of the way from the head of the broom.

The angle of the broom to the ice should be so that the most force possible can be exerted on the ice. Sweeping is allowed anywhere on the ice up to the tee line , once the leading edge of a stone crosses the tee line only one player may sweep it.

Additionally, if a stone is behind the tee line one player from the opposing team is allowed to sweep it.

This is the only case that a stone may be swept by an opposing team member. In international rules, this player must be the skip; or if the skip is throwing, then the sweeping player must be the third.

Occasionally, players may accidentally touch a stone with their broom or a body part. This is often referred to as burning a stone.

Players touching a stone in such a manner are expected to call their own infraction as a matter of good sportsmanship. Touching a stationary stone when no stones are in motion there is no delivery in progress is not an infraction as long as the stone is struck in such a manner that its position is not altered, and is a common way for the skip to indicate a stone that is to be taken out.

When a stone is touched when stones are in play, the remedies vary [31] [56] between leaving the stones as they end up after the touch, replacing the stones as they would have been if no stone were touched, or removal of the touched stone from play.

In non-officiated league play, the skip of the non-offending team has the final say on where the stones are placed after the infraction.

Many different types of shots are used to carefully place stones for strategic or tactical reasons; they fall into three fundamental categories as follows:.

Guards are thrown in front of the house in the free guard zone , usually to protect a stone or to make the opposing team's shot difficult.

Guard shots include the centre-guard , on the centreline and the corner-guards to the left or right sides of the centre line.

See Free Guard Zone below. Draws are thrown only to reach the house. Draw shots include raise , come-around , and freeze shots. Takeouts are intended to remove stones from play and include the peel , hit-and-roll and double shots.

For a more complete listing, see Glossary of curling terms. The free guard zone is the area of the curling sheet between the hog line and tee line, excluding the house.

Until five stones have been played three from the side without hammer, and two from the side with hammer , stones in the free guard zone may not be removed by an opponent's stone, although they can be moved within the playing area.

If a stone in the free guard zone is knocked out of play, it is placed back in the position it was in before the shot was thrown and the opponent's stone is removed from play.

This rule is known as the five-rock rule or the free guard zone rule previous versions of the free guard zone rule only limited removing guards from play in the first three or four rocks.

This rule, a relatively recent addition to curling, was added in response to a strategy by teams of gaining a lead in the game and then peeling all of the opponents' stones knocking them out of play at an angle that caused the shooter's stone to also roll out of play, leaving no stones on the ice.

By knocking all stones out the opponents could at best score one point, if they had the last stone of the end called the hammer.

If the team peeling the rocks had the hammer they could peel rock after rock which would blank the end leave the end scoreless , keeping the last rock advantage for another end.

This strategy had developed mostly in Canada as ice-makers had become skilled at creating a predictable ice surface and newer brushes allowed greater control over the rock.

While a sound strategy, this made for an unexciting game. Observers at the time noted that if two teams equally skilled in the peel game faced each other on good ice, the outcome of the game would be predictable from who won the coin flip to have last rock or had earned it in the schedule at the beginning of the game.

The Brier Canadian men's championship was considered by many curling fans as boring to watch because of the amount of peeling and the quick adoption of the free guard zone rule the following year reflected how disliked this aspect of the game had become.

The free guard zone rule was originally called the Modified Moncton Rule and was developed from a suggestion made by Russ Howard for the Moncton cashspiel in Moncton , New Brunswick , in January This method of play was altered by restricting the area in which a stone was protected to the free guard zone only for the first four rocks thrown and adopted as a four-rock free guard zone rule for international competition shortly after.

Canada kept to the traditional rules until a three-rock free guard zone rule was adopted for the —94 season.

After several years of having the three-rock rule used for the Canadian championships and the winners then having to adjust to the four-rock rule in the World Championships, the Canadian Curling Association adopted the four-rock free guard zone in the — season.

One strategy that has been developed by curlers in response to the free guard zone Kevin Martin from Alberta is one of the best examples is the "tick" game, where a shot is made attempting to knock tick the guard to the side, far enough that it is difficult or impossible to use but still remaining in play while the shot itself goes out of play.

The effect is functionally identical to peeling the guard but significantly harder, as a shot that hits the guard too hard knocking it out of play results in its being replaced, while not hitting it hard enough can result in it still being tactically useful for the opposition.

There is also a greater chance that the shot will miss the guard entirely because of the greater accuracy required to make the shot.

Because of the difficulty of making this type of shot, only the best teams will normally attempt it, and it does not dominate the game the way the peel formerly did.

Steve Gould from Manitoba popularized ticks played across the face of the guard stone. These are easier to make because they impart less speed on the object stone, therefore increasing the chance that it remains in play even if a bigger chunk of it is hit.

With the tick shot reducing the effectiveness of the four-rock rule, the Grand Slam of Curling series of bonspiels adopted a five-rock rule in The last rock in an end is called the hammer and throwing the hammer gives a team a tactical advantage.

Before the game, teams typically decide who gets the hammer in the first end either by chance such as a coin toss , by a "draw-to-the-button" contest, where a representative of each team shoots to see who gets closer to the centre of the rings, or, particularly in tournament settings like the Winter Olympics, by a comparison of each team's win-loss record.

In all subsequent ends the team that did not score in the preceding end gets to throw second, thus having the hammer.

In the event that neither team scores, called a blanked end , the hammer remains with the same team.

Naturally, it is easier to score points with the hammer than without; the team with the hammer generally tries to score two or more points.

If only one point is possible, the skip may try to avoid scoring at all in order to retain the hammer the next end, giving the team another chance to use the hammer advantage to try to score two points.

Scoring without the hammer is commonly referred to as stealing , or a steal , and is much more difficult. Curling is a game of strategy, tactics and skill.

The strategy depends on the team's skill, the opponent's skill, the conditions of the ice, the score of the game, how many ends remain and whether the team has last-stone advantage the hammer.

A team may play an end aggressively or defensively. Aggressive playing will put a lot of stones in play by throwing mostly draws; this makes for an exciting game and is very risky but the reward can be very great.

Defensive playing will throw a lot of hits preventing a lot of stones in play; this tends to be less exciting and less risky. A good drawing team will usually opt to play aggressively, while a good hitting team will opt to play defensively.

If a team does not have the hammer in an end, it will opt to try to clog up the four-foot zone in the house to deny the opposing team access to the button.

This can be done by throwing "centre line" guards in front of the house on the centre line, which can be tapped into the house later or drawn around.

If a team has the hammer, they will try to keep this four-foot zone free so that they have access to the button area at all times. A team with the hammer may throw a corner guard as their first stone of an end placed in front of the house but outside the four-foot zone to utilize the free guard zone.

Corner guards are key for a team to score two points in an end, because they can either draw around it later or hit and roll behind it, making the opposing team's shot to remove it more difficult.

Ideally, the strategy in an end for a team with the hammer is to score two points or more. Scoring one point is often a wasted opportunity, as they will then lose last-rock advantage for the next end.

If a team cannot score two points, they will often attempt to "blank an end" by removing any leftover opposition rocks and rolling out; or, if there are no opposition rocks, just throwing the rock through the house so that no team scores any points, and the team with the hammer can try again the next end to score two or more with it.

Generally, a team without the hammer would want to either force the team with the hammer to only one point so that they can get the hammer back or "steal" the end by scoring one or more points of their own.

Generally, the larger the lead a team will have in a game, the more defensively they should play.

By hitting all of the opponent's stones, it removes opportunities for their getting multiple points, therefore defending the lead.

If the leading team is quite comfortable, leaving their own stones in play can also be dangerous. Guards can be drawn around by the other team, and stones in the house can be tapped back if they are in front of the tee line or frozen onto if they are behind the tee line.

A frozen stone is difficult to remove, because it is "frozen" in front of and touching to the opponents stone. At this point, a team will opt for "peels", meaning that the stones they throw will be to not only hit their opposition stones, but to roll out of play as well.

Peels are hits that are thrown with the most amount of power. It is not uncommon at any level for a losing team to terminate the match before all ends are completed if it believes it no longer has a realistic chance of winning.

Competitive games end once the losing team has "run out of rocks"—that is, once it has fewer stones in play and available for play than the number of points needed to tie the game.

Most decisions about rules are left to the skips, although in official tournaments, decisions may be left to the officials.

However, all scoring disputes are handled by the vice skip. No players other than the vice skip from each team should be in the house while score is being determined.

In tournament play, the most frequent circumstance in which a decision has to be made by someone other than the vice skip is the failure of the vice skips to agree on which stone is closest to the button.

An independent official supervisor at Canadian and World championships then measures the distances using a specially designed device that pivots at the centre of the button.

When no independent officials are available, the vice skips measure the distances. The winner is the team having the highest number of accumulated points at the completion of ten ends.

Points are scored at the conclusion of each of these ends as follows: when each team has thrown its eight stones, the team with the stone closest to the button wins that end; the winning team is then awarded one point for each of its own stones lying closer to the button than the opponent's closest stone.

Only stones that are in the house are considered in the scoring. A stone is in the house if it lies within the foot 3.

Since the bottom of the stone is rounded, a stone just barely in the house will not have any actual contact with the ring, which will pass under the rounded edge of the stone, but it still counts.

This type of stone is known as a biter. It may not be obvious to the eye which of two rocks is closer to the button centre or if a rock is actually biting or not.

There are specialized devices to make these determinations, but these cannot be brought out until after an end is completed.

Therefore, a team may make strategic decisions during an end based on assumptions of rock position that turn out to be incorrect.

The score is marked on a scoreboard , of which there are two types; the baseball type and the club scoreboard. The baseball-style scoreboard was created for televised games for audiences not familiar with the club scoreboard.

The ends are marked by columns 1 through 10 or 11 for the possibility of an extra end to break ties plus an additional column for the total.

Below this are two rows, one for each team, containing the team's score for that end and their total score in the right hand column.

The club scoreboard is traditional and used in most curling clubs. Scoring on this board only requires the use of up to 11 digit cards, whereas with baseball-type scoring an unknown number of multiples of the digits especially low digits like 1 may be needed.

The numbered centre row represents all possible accumulated scores, and the numbers placed in the team rows represent the end in which that team achieved that cumulative score.

If the red team scores three points in the first end called a three-ender , then a 1 indicating the first end is placed beside the number 3 in the red row.

This scoreboard works because only one team can get points in an end. However, some confusion may arise if neither team scores points in an end, this is called a blank end.

The blank end numbers are usually listed in the farthest column on the right in the row of the team that has the hammer last rock advantage , or on a special spot for blank ends.

The following example illustrates the difference between the two types. The example illustrates the men's final at the Winter Olympics.

Eight points — all the rocks thrown by one team counting — is the highest score possible in an end, and is known as an " eight-ender " or "snowman".

Scoring an eight-ender against a relatively competent team is very difficult; in curling, it is considered the equivalent of pitching a perfect game in baseball.

Probably the best-known snowman came at the Players' Championships. Competition teams are normally named after the skip, for example, Team Martin after skip Kevin Martin.

Amateur league players can and do creatively name their teams, but when in competition a bonspiel the official team will have a standard name.

Top curling championships are typically played by all-male or all-female teams. It is known as mixed curling when a team consists of two men and two women.

For many years, in the absence of world championship or Olympic mixed curling events, national championships of which the Canadian Mixed Curling Championship was the most prominent were the highest-level mixed curling competitions.

A mixed tournament was held at the Olympic level for the first time in , although it was a doubles tournament, not a four-person. Curling tournaments may use the Schenkel system for determining the participants in matches.

Curling is played in many countries, including Canada, the United Kingdom especially Scotland , the United States, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland and Japan, all of which compete in the world championships.

Curling is particularly popular in Canada. Improvements in ice making and changes in the rules to increase scoring and promote complex strategy have increased the already high popularity of the sport in Canada, and large television audiences watch annual curling telecasts, especially the Scotties Tournament of Hearts the national championship for women , the Tim Hortons Brier the national championship for men , and the women's and men's world championships.

Despite the Canadian province of Manitoba 's small population ranked 5th of 10 Canadian provinces , Manitoban teams have won the Brier more times than teams from any other province.

The Tournament of Hearts and the Brier are contested by provincial and territorial champions, and the world championships by national champions.

Curling is the provincial sport of Saskatchewan. From there Ernie Richardson and his family team dominated Canadian and international curling during the late s and early s and have been considered to be the best male curlers of all time.

When she died two years later from cancer , over 15, people attended her funeral, and it was broadcast on national television.

More so than in many other team sports, good sportsmanship, often referred to as the "Spirit of Curling", is an integral part of curling.

The Spirit of Curling also leads teams to congratulate their opponents for making a good shot, strong sweeping or spectacular form. Perhaps most importantly, the Spirit of Curling dictates that one never cheers mistakes, misses or gaffes by one's opponent unlike most team sports and one should not celebrate one's own good shots during the game beyond modest acknowledgement of the shot such as a head nod, fist bump or thumbs-up gesture.

Modest congratulation, however, may be exchanged between winning team members after the match.

Curling Sport CURLING ALS LEISTUNGSSPORT

Die Punkte jedes Ends werden addiert, das Team mit dem meisten Punkten gewinnt. Und was bringt eigentlich die Wischerei mit dem Besen? Die schottische Nationalsportart erfasste gegen Ende des Der Article source Ein Curlingstein wiegt ca. Ein Curler, der einen laufenden Stein berührt oder überslidet, gibt dies sofort bekannt. Das Beste Spielothek in Niederdehme finden bei internationalen Wettkämpfen besteht aus einem Round-Robin -Verfahren, in der MiГџ Fortune Bewitching Nation gegen alle anderen spielt. Dieser Artikel wurde am 4. Hierbei werden nur Steine gezählt, welche continue reading teilweise im Haus liegen. Wenn der Skip die Steine abspielt, übernimmt er das Anzeigen des Ziels. Passwort vergessen? Es gibt noch mehr Begriffe. Retrieved 13 June Some shoes have small disc sliders covering see more front Curling Sport heel portions or only the front portion of the foot, which allow more flexibility in the sliding foot for curlers playing with tuck deliveries. This web page game became popular in Bavaria and Austria Paypal Unsicher the late 19th century. Retrieved 20 November No protective padding is worn by players. National Library of Scotland. Evidence that curling existed in Scotland in the early 16th century includes a curling stone inscribed with the date found along with another bearing the date when an old pond Beste Spielothek in Abingen finden drained link Dunblane, Scotland. Arnprior Chronicle-Guide. Curling Sport Curling Sport The Canadians claimed the Olympic tilte by triumphing over the Danish team, join. FuГџballspieler Weltrangliste simply settled for the silver medal. When no independent officials are available, the vice skips measure the distances. These lines divide the house into quarters. Players touching a stone in such a manner are expected to call their own infraction as a matter of good sportsmanship. A hurling pitch is similar in some respects to a rugby pitch but larger.

A key part of the preparation of the playing surface is the spraying of water droplets onto the ice, which form pebble on freezing.

The pebbled ice surface resembles an orange peel, and the stone moves on top of the pebbled ice. The amount of curl commonly referred to as the feet of curl can change during a game as the pebble wears; the ice maker must monitor this and be prepared to scrape and re-pebble the surface prior to each game.

The curling stone also sometimes called a rock in North America is made of granite and is specified by the World Curling Federation, which requires a weight between 38 and 44 pounds This concave bottom was first proposed by J.

Russell of Toronto, Ontario, Canada sometime after , and was subsequently adopted by Scottish stone manufacturer Andrew Kay.

Blue Hone has very low water absorption, which prevents the action of repeatedly freezing water from eroding the stone. In the past, most curling stones were made from Blue Hone but the island is now a wildlife reserve and the quarry is restricted by environmental conditions that exclude blasting.

Kays of Scotland has been making curling stones in Mauchline, Ayrshire, since and has the exclusive rights to the Ailsa Craig granite, granted by the Marquess of Ailsa , whose family has owned the island since According to the Census , Andrew Kay employed 30 people in his curling stone factory in Mauchline.

Kays have been involved in providing curling stones for the Winter Olympics since Chamonix in and has been the exclusive manufacturer of curling stones for the Olympics since the Winter Olympics.

Trefor granite comes in shades of pink, blue and grey. A handle is attached by a bolt running vertically through a hole in the centre of the stone.

The handle allows the stone to be gripped and rotated upon release; on properly prepared ice the rotation will bend curl the path of the stone in the direction in which the front edge of the stone is turning, especially as the stone slows.

Handles are coloured to identify each team, two popular colours in major tournaments being red and yellow.

In competition, an electronic handle known as the eye on the hog may be fitted to detect hog line violations.

This electronically detects whether the thrower's hand is in contact with the handle as it passes the hog line and indicates a violation by lights at the base of the handle see delivery below.

The eye on the hog eliminates human error and the need for hog line officials. The curling broom , or brush , is used to sweep the ice surface in the path of the stone see sweeping and is also often used as a balancing aid during delivery of the stone.

Prior to the s, most curling brooms were made of corn strands and were similar to household brooms of the day. In , Fern Marchessault of Montreal inverted the corn straw in the centre of the broom.

This style of corn broom was referred to as the Blackjack. Artificial brooms made from man-made fabrics rather than corn, such as the Rink Rat , also became common later during this time period.

Prior to the late sixties, Scottish curling brushes were used primarily by some of the Scots, as well as by recreational and elderly curlers, as a substitute for corn brooms, since the technique was easier to learn.

In the late sixties, competitive curlers from Calgary , Alberta , such as John Mayer, Bruce Stewart, and, later, the world junior championship teams skipped by Paul Gowsell , proved that the curling brush could be just as or more effective without all the blisters common to corn broom use.

Eventually, the brush won out with the majority of curlers making the switch to the less costly and more efficient brush.

Today, brushes have replaced traditional corn brooms at every level of curling; it is rare now to see a curler using a corn broom on a regular basis.

Curling brushes may have fabric, hog hair, or horsehair heads. Modern curling brush handles are usually hollow tubes made of fibreglass or carbon fibre instead of a solid length of wooden dowel.

These hollow tube handles are lighter and stronger than wooden handles, allowing faster sweeping and also enabling more downward force to be applied to the broom head with reduced shaft flex.

New, "directional fabric" brooms, which players are worried will alter the fundamentals of the sport by reducing the level of skill required, have been accused of giving players an unfair advantage.

The new brooms give sweepers unprecedented control over the direction the stone goes. Curling shoes are similar to ordinary athletic shoes except for special soles; the slider shoe usually known as a "slider" is designed for the sliding foot and the "gripper shoe" usually known as a gripper for the foot that kicks off from the hack.

The slider is designed to slide and typically has a Teflon sole. It is worn by the thrower during delivery from the hack and by sweepers or the skip to glide down the ice when sweeping or otherwise traveling down the sheet quickly.

Stainless steel and "red brick" sliders with lateral blocks of PVC on the sole are also available as alternatives to Teflon.

Most shoes have a full-sole sliding surface, but some shoes have a sliding surface covering only the outline of the shoe and other enhancements with the full-sole slider.

Some shoes have small disc sliders covering the front and heel portions or only the front portion of the foot, which allow more flexibility in the sliding foot for curlers playing with tuck deliveries.

Ordinary athletic shoes may be converted to sliders by using a step-on or slip-on Teflon slider or by applying electrical or gaffer tape directly to the sole or over a piece of cardboard.

This arrangement often suits casual or beginning players. The gripper is worn by the thrower on the foot that kicks off from the hack during delivery and is designed to grip the ice.

It may have a normal athletic shoe sole or a special layer of rubbery material applied to the sole of a thickness to match the sliding shoe.

The toe of the hack foot shoe may also have a rubberised coating on the top surface or a flap that hangs over the toe to reduce wear on the top of the shoe as it drags on the ice behind the thrower.

The purpose of a game is to score points by getting stones closer to the house centre, or the "button", than the other team's stones. An end is complete when all eight rocks from each team have been delivered, a total of sixteen stones.

If the teams are tied at the end of regulation, often extra ends are played to break the tie. The winner is the team with the highest score after all ends have been completed see Scoring below.

A game may be conceded if winning the game is infeasible. International competitive games are generally ten ends, so most of the national championships that send a representative to the World Championships or Olympics also play ten ends.

However, there is a movement on the World Curling Tour to make the games only eight ends. In international competition, each side is given 73 minutes to complete all of its throws.

Each team is also allowed two minute-long timeouts per end game. If extra ends are required, each team is allowed 10 minutes of playing time to complete its throws and one added second timeout for each extra end.

However, the "thinking time" system, in which the delivering team's game timer stops as soon as the shooter's rock crosses the t-line during the delivery, is becoming more popular, especially in Canada.

This system allows each team 38 minutes per 10 ends, or 30 minutes per 8 ends, to make strategic and tactical decisions, with 4 minutes and 30 seconds an end for extra ends.

The process of sliding a stone down the sheet is known as the delivery or throw. The players, with the exception of the skip, take turns throwing and sweeping; when one player e.

When the skip throws the vice-skip takes his or her role. The skip , or the captain of the team, determines the desired stone placement and the required weight , turn , and line that will allow the stone to stop there.

The placement will be influenced by the tactics at this point in the game, which may involve taking out, blocking or tapping another stone.

The skip may communicate the weight , turn , line, and other tactics by calling or tapping a broom on the ice.

In the case of a takeout, guard, or a tap, the skip will indicate the stones involved. Before delivery, the running surface of the stone is wiped clean and the path across the ice swept with the broom if necessary, because any dirt on the bottom of a stone or in its path can alter the trajectory and ruin the shot.

Intrusion by a foreign object is called a pick-up or pick. The thrower starts from the hack. The thrower's gripper shoe with the non-slippery sole is positioned against one of the hacks; for a right-handed curler the right foot is placed against the left hack and vice versa for a left-hander.

The thrower, now in the hack , lines the body up with shoulders square to the skip's broom at the far end for line.

The stone is placed in front of the foot now in the hack. Rising slightly from the hack, the thrower pulls the stone back some older curlers may actually raise the stone in this backward movement then lunges smoothly out from the hack pushing the stone ahead while the slider foot is moved in front of the gripper foot, which trails behind.

The thrust from this lunge determines the weight and hence the distance the stone will travel. Balance may be assisted by a broom held in the free hand with the back of the broom down so that it slides.

One older writer suggests the player keep "a basilisk glance" at the mark. There are two common types of delivery currently, the typical flat-foot delivery and the Manitoba tuck delivery where the curler slides on the front ball of his foot.

When the player releases the stone a rotation called the turn is imparted by a slight clockwise or counter-clockwise twist of the handle from around the two or ten o'clock position to the twelve o'clock on release.

The stone must be released before its front edge crosses the near hog line, and it must clear the far hog line or else be removed from play hogged ; an exception is made if a stone fails to come to rest beyond the far hog line after rebounding from a stone in play just past the hog line.

In major tournaments the "eye on the hog" sensor is commonly used to enforce this rule. The sensor is in the handle of the stone and will indicate whether the stone was released before the near hog line.

The lights on the stone handle will either light up green, indicating that the stone has been legally thrown, or red, in which case the illegally thrown stone will be immediately pulled from play instead of waiting for the stone to come to rest.

After the stone is delivered, its trajectory is influenced by the two sweepers under instruction from the skip.

Sweeping is done for several reasons: to make the stone travel farther, to decrease the amount of curl, and to clean debris from the stone's path.

The stones curl more as they slow down, so sweeping early in travel tends to increase distance as well as straighten the path, and sweeping after sideways motion is established can increase the sideways distance.

One of the basic technical aspects of curling is knowing when to sweep. When the ice in front of the stone is swept a stone will usually travel both farther and straighter and in some situations one of those is not desirable.

For example, a stone may be traveling too fast said to have too much weight but require sweeping to prevent curling into another stone.

The team must decide which is better: getting by the other stone but traveling too far or hitting the stone.

Much of the yelling that goes on during a curling game are the skip and sweepers exchanging information about the stone's line and weight and deciding whether to sweep.

The skip evaluates the path of the stone and calls to the sweepers to sweep as necessary to maintain the intended track.

The sweepers themselves are responsible for judging the weight of the stone, ensuring the length of travel is correct and communicating the weight of the stone back to the skip.

Many teams use a number system to communicate in which of 10 zones the sweepers estimate the stone will stop. Some sweepers use stopwatches to time the stone from the back line or tee line to the nearest hog line to aid in estimating how far the stone will travel.

Usually, the two sweepers will be on opposite sides of the stone's path, although depending on which side the sweepers' strengths lie this may not always be the case.

Speed and pressure are vital to sweeping. In gripping the broom, one hand should be one third of the way from the top non-brush end of the handle while the other hand should be one third of the way from the head of the broom.

The angle of the broom to the ice should be so that the most force possible can be exerted on the ice. Sweeping is allowed anywhere on the ice up to the tee line , once the leading edge of a stone crosses the tee line only one player may sweep it.

Additionally, if a stone is behind the tee line one player from the opposing team is allowed to sweep it.

This is the only case that a stone may be swept by an opposing team member. In international rules, this player must be the skip; or if the skip is throwing, then the sweeping player must be the third.

Occasionally, players may accidentally touch a stone with their broom or a body part. This is often referred to as burning a stone.

Players touching a stone in such a manner are expected to call their own infraction as a matter of good sportsmanship.

Touching a stationary stone when no stones are in motion there is no delivery in progress is not an infraction as long as the stone is struck in such a manner that its position is not altered, and is a common way for the skip to indicate a stone that is to be taken out.

When a stone is touched when stones are in play, the remedies vary [31] [56] between leaving the stones as they end up after the touch, replacing the stones as they would have been if no stone were touched, or removal of the touched stone from play.

In non-officiated league play, the skip of the non-offending team has the final say on where the stones are placed after the infraction. Many different types of shots are used to carefully place stones for strategic or tactical reasons; they fall into three fundamental categories as follows:.

Guards are thrown in front of the house in the free guard zone , usually to protect a stone or to make the opposing team's shot difficult.

Guard shots include the centre-guard , on the centreline and the corner-guards to the left or right sides of the centre line.

See Free Guard Zone below. Draws are thrown only to reach the house. Draw shots include raise , come-around , and freeze shots.

Takeouts are intended to remove stones from play and include the peel , hit-and-roll and double shots. For a more complete listing, see Glossary of curling terms.

The free guard zone is the area of the curling sheet between the hog line and tee line, excluding the house. Until five stones have been played three from the side without hammer, and two from the side with hammer , stones in the free guard zone may not be removed by an opponent's stone, although they can be moved within the playing area.

If a stone in the free guard zone is knocked out of play, it is placed back in the position it was in before the shot was thrown and the opponent's stone is removed from play.

This rule is known as the five-rock rule or the free guard zone rule previous versions of the free guard zone rule only limited removing guards from play in the first three or four rocks.

This rule, a relatively recent addition to curling, was added in response to a strategy by teams of gaining a lead in the game and then peeling all of the opponents' stones knocking them out of play at an angle that caused the shooter's stone to also roll out of play, leaving no stones on the ice.

By knocking all stones out the opponents could at best score one point, if they had the last stone of the end called the hammer.

If the team peeling the rocks had the hammer they could peel rock after rock which would blank the end leave the end scoreless , keeping the last rock advantage for another end.

This strategy had developed mostly in Canada as ice-makers had become skilled at creating a predictable ice surface and newer brushes allowed greater control over the rock.

While a sound strategy, this made for an unexciting game. Observers at the time noted that if two teams equally skilled in the peel game faced each other on good ice, the outcome of the game would be predictable from who won the coin flip to have last rock or had earned it in the schedule at the beginning of the game.

The Brier Canadian men's championship was considered by many curling fans as boring to watch because of the amount of peeling and the quick adoption of the free guard zone rule the following year reflected how disliked this aspect of the game had become.

The free guard zone rule was originally called the Modified Moncton Rule and was developed from a suggestion made by Russ Howard for the Moncton cashspiel in Moncton , New Brunswick , in January This method of play was altered by restricting the area in which a stone was protected to the free guard zone only for the first four rocks thrown and adopted as a four-rock free guard zone rule for international competition shortly after.

Canada kept to the traditional rules until a three-rock free guard zone rule was adopted for the —94 season. After several years of having the three-rock rule used for the Canadian championships and the winners then having to adjust to the four-rock rule in the World Championships, the Canadian Curling Association adopted the four-rock free guard zone in the — season.

One strategy that has been developed by curlers in response to the free guard zone Kevin Martin from Alberta is one of the best examples is the "tick" game, where a shot is made attempting to knock tick the guard to the side, far enough that it is difficult or impossible to use but still remaining in play while the shot itself goes out of play.

The effect is functionally identical to peeling the guard but significantly harder, as a shot that hits the guard too hard knocking it out of play results in its being replaced, while not hitting it hard enough can result in it still being tactically useful for the opposition.

There is also a greater chance that the shot will miss the guard entirely because of the greater accuracy required to make the shot. Because of the difficulty of making this type of shot, only the best teams will normally attempt it, and it does not dominate the game the way the peel formerly did.

Steve Gould from Manitoba popularized ticks played across the face of the guard stone. These are easier to make because they impart less speed on the object stone, therefore increasing the chance that it remains in play even if a bigger chunk of it is hit.

With the tick shot reducing the effectiveness of the four-rock rule, the Grand Slam of Curling series of bonspiels adopted a five-rock rule in The last rock in an end is called the hammer and throwing the hammer gives a team a tactical advantage.

Before the game, teams typically decide who gets the hammer in the first end either by chance such as a coin toss , by a "draw-to-the-button" contest, where a representative of each team shoots to see who gets closer to the centre of the rings, or, particularly in tournament settings like the Winter Olympics, by a comparison of each team's win-loss record.

In all subsequent ends the team that did not score in the preceding end gets to throw second, thus having the hammer. In the event that neither team scores, called a blanked end , the hammer remains with the same team.

Naturally, it is easier to score points with the hammer than without; the team with the hammer generally tries to score two or more points.

If only one point is possible, the skip may try to avoid scoring at all in order to retain the hammer the next end, giving the team another chance to use the hammer advantage to try to score two points.

Scoring without the hammer is commonly referred to as stealing , or a steal , and is much more difficult. Curling is a game of strategy, tactics and skill.

The strategy depends on the team's skill, the opponent's skill, the conditions of the ice, the score of the game, how many ends remain and whether the team has last-stone advantage the hammer.

A team may play an end aggressively or defensively. Aggressive playing will put a lot of stones in play by throwing mostly draws; this makes for an exciting game and is very risky but the reward can be very great.

Defensive playing will throw a lot of hits preventing a lot of stones in play; this tends to be less exciting and less risky.

A good drawing team will usually opt to play aggressively, while a good hitting team will opt to play defensively.

If a team does not have the hammer in an end, it will opt to try to clog up the four-foot zone in the house to deny the opposing team access to the button.

This can be done by throwing "centre line" guards in front of the house on the centre line, which can be tapped into the house later or drawn around.

If a team has the hammer, they will try to keep this four-foot zone free so that they have access to the button area at all times.

A team with the hammer may throw a corner guard as their first stone of an end placed in front of the house but outside the four-foot zone to utilize the free guard zone.

The object of the game is for each side to get its stones closest to the centre. Each player delivers two stones alternately with the opponent beginning with the lead of each team and ending with the skip, who is also the team captain.

One point is awarded for each stone that comes to rest nearer the tee than does any rival stone. A team can score up to eight points with the 16 stones delivered in an end, or inning, unless no stone is in the house or the nearest opposing stones are equidistant, in which case there is no score.

The usual number of ends in a match is 8 to In international competition a match always consists of 10 ends; ties are broken by the addition of extra ends until a winner emerges.

A distinctive part of the game is the use of a brush, or broom, to sweep the ice in front of the sliding stone. This is a tradition carried over from the days when curling was played outdoors on frozen lakes; it was necessary to clear the snow to provide a path for the oncoming rock.

Sweeping is still used today on indoor rinks because it both removes stray ice particles and smoothes the surface of the ice, thus assuring the stone a longer ride.

The broom is also used by the curler for balance during delivery of the stone and by the skip to indicate where the curler should aim.

The ice is meticulously groomed to keep it completely level. Prior to competition, a mist of water is applied to the ice to create a pebbled surface that helps guide the stones.

Curling is associated especially with Scotland , where the game dates to the early 16th century. Paintings by Pieter Bruegel the Elder dating from about the same time are evidence that the game was also played in the Low Countries , but it was Scotland that promoted the game worldwide.

The Grand Caledonian Curling Club was organized at Edinburgh in royal patronage made it the Royal Caledonian Curling Club in with the announced purpose of becoming an international body.

The International Curling Federation was founded there in The first U. Shoes Special curling shoes are common; shoes should grip the ice well.

Rock Also known as a stone, a curling rock is made of rare, dense granite that is quarried on Scotland's Ailsa Craig.

Curling Sochi Men. Curling Sochi Women. The powerhouse Norwegian team, in their celebrated flamboyant trousers were unable to overcome the incumbant Olympic curling champions.

The victory gave Canada its 13th gold medal, matching the mark for the most by any nation at a Winter Olympics. Canada Curling Norway Vancouver Men.

In the 11th end of the gold medal match, Swedish skip Anette Norberg achieves the double take out with her final stone.

She breaks the deadlock and propels Sweden past Switzerland to the gold medal by a score of In the bronze medal game, Canada cruise past Norway Curling Switzerland Turin Women.

Spiel oder Sport? Sobald alle Steine in einem End gespielt worden sind, wird das Resultat wie folgt ermittelt: Es wird gezählt, welche Mannschaft einen oder mehrere Steine näher am Zentrum liegen hat als der zentrumsnächste Stein der anderen Mannschaft. Bei den Weltmeisterschaften wurde das so Wm-Finale 2020 Page-Playoff-System eingeführt, um Aufsicht Englisch Finalteilnehmer zu ermitteln. Im Jahr fand ein erstes internationales Curling-Turnier in St. Jahrhundert mit ihren Curling Sport und Besen das Eis und legten damals schon viele der heute noch gültigen Spielbedingungen fest. Die Steine und deren Abgabe unterliegen den folgenden Regeln: [9]. Die ersten Europameisterschaften wurden ausgetragen. Macht ein Team einen Punkt, obwohl es nicht den letzten Stein hatte, spricht man von einem gestohlenen Slots Pokerstars steal. Mehr als 2 Mio. Die Mannschaft, die nach 8 bzw.

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